This year has seen the 30th anniversary of the launch of the Hubble telescope. It’s unparalleled position above the atmosphere’s distortions has given us an understanding of our universe and our position in it never before achieved. The pictures sent back show both great beauty and create wonder. Mysteries have been solved and new ones discovered.
The telescope has had its problems and very nearly failed in its mission.
In his talk David will describe the background to the project and how it
was pulled back from disaster. He will describe how it has achieved its incredible accuracy, show some of the wonderful pictures and indicate some of the revolutionary discoveries.
Amanda will talk about embarking on the new hobby of beekeeping, life in the bee hive and the trials and tribulations of beekeeping as a hobby.
Amanda spent thirty years working in primary education, the final thirteen years as a Headteacher. She then made the move to adult education and the Hampshire library service.
Retirement has given her the opportunity to expand her diverse range of hobbies. She belongs to a reading group, has learnt to spin and weave, loves gardening and walking and visiting art galleries. Starting to keep bees has been an ambition since childhood, when her late father fostered that interest.
Now in her eleventh year of beekeeping she enjoys sharing her experiences with children and adults through talks and presentations.
The talk will describe the epic struggle for women's suffrage from the mid 19th century until 1928.
Roger graduated with degrees in Biochemistry and in Genetics. After a period working at a Medical Research Council unit at London University, he moved to York University where he taught molecular genetics and carried out research into the genetic changes underlying the development of drug resistance in cancer cells.
The foundations of Modern Medicine lie in the teachings of Hippocrates who practiced in Greece in the 5th and 4th Centuries BC. He established many of the principles of the Evidenced Based Medicine that we practice today. During the subsequent 2500 years, Medicine passed through many different phases of development. The principles introduced by Galen in the First Century AD dominated Medicine until they were displaced by the rise of Scientific Medicine beginning in the 15 – 16th Centuries. From Ancient Greek Times, Medicine has been closely related to Religion. This association was particularly close in the Middle-Ages in Winchester when the Church taught that illness was a visitation by the Devil and a punishment for Sin; the only remedy was to offer Penitence to God. Much of the care of the sick lay with the Church as did the establishment of the early Hospitals.
I will review how major plagues such as the Pestilence of the Black Death and other devastating infections affected the population of Winchester and discuss some of the counteractive measures that they stimulated. Several Hospitals have been built in Winchester culminating in the Royal Hampshire County Hospital that serves the population today. Medicine itself went through a long process of development with the introduction of Herbal Medicines that flourished in the 19th Century and are the basis of Modern Therapeutics. We know something about the activities and reputations of Physicians in the 19th Century from memorials in the Cathedral and other churches but there is little about the activities of Surgeons. Surgery developed mainly for the treatment of injuries and wounds received in battle and remained largely separate from Medicine until the development of antiseptics, sterile procedures and anaesthetics allowed the expansion of Surgery and its closer relationship to Medicine. I will discuss and illustrate some of the features in our buildings and landscape in Winchester that reflect the causes of disease, their effects and the measures taken to keep the population of Winchester healthy.